1张图让你秒懂7大类形容词排列顺序!


在开始今天的内容前,百科请爸爸妈妈和宝贝先做几道测试题——

 

请按照正确顺序给括号内形容词排序

(funny / red) mug

(American / young / tall) basketball star

(blue / long / beautiful) dress

(smart / young / British) girls

(black / vintage / Italian / leather) boots

没做对?不用担心—— 据说上面几题,欧美孩子都不能100%做对

形容词的排序,大概是全世界孩子心!中!的!痛!

 

为了让大家彻底摆脱这种痛苦,百科给大家一个口诀:OPSHACOM。来再跟小E念一遍:OPSHACOM

mac1

 

这是英国广播公司(BBC英语教学节目”Professor Grammar”中提出的方法,它其实是一个缩写词,具体含义如下图:

 

mac2

 

1.OP-opinion,评述性词,表达说话者的观点或评价,如beautiful, boring, stupid, delicious, useful, lovely, comfortable(美丽的,无聊的,愚蠢的,美味的,有用的,可爱的,舒服的)等

 

2.S-size,告诉大家物体的大小,如big, small, tall, huge, tiny(大的,小的,高的,巨大的,极小的)等。

 

3.H-shape,描述物体形状的词,还包括Weight(重量) / Length(长度),如round, square, fat, heavy, straight, long, short(圆的,正方形的,胖的,重的,直的,长的,短的)…

 

4.A-age,描述物体新旧、年龄的形容词,如old, young, new, ancient, antique(老的,年轻的,新的,古老的,年代久远的)…

 

5.C-color,表颜色的词,如blue, red, pink(蓝的,红的,粉的)等。

 

6.O-origin,表产地、国籍的词,如Dutch, American, British, Italian, eastern(荷兰的,美国的,英国的,意大利的,东部的)等。

 

7.M-material,向人展示物体的材料的形容词,如gold, wooden, silk, paper, synthetic, cotton, wool(金的,木头的,丝绸的,纸质的,合成的,棉的,羊毛的)等。

 

*注意:国外有些老师,还会加一项Purpose/Use,表示作用目的,这些词通常以-ing结尾,紧跟着被修饰的名词,如sleeping (bag), gardening (gloves), shopping (bag), wedding (dress)(睡袋,园艺手套,购物袋,婚纱)…

 

好啦,让我们看两个例句:

 

It was made of a strange1green5metallic7 material.(它是由一种奇怪的绿色金属材料制成的。)

Panettone is a round3Italian6 Christmas cake.Panettone是一种圆形的意大利圣诞蛋糕。

*形容词右下角数字对应OPSHACOM顺序。

 

再举两个超长的例子,不过大家放心,一般情况下一个名词前不会超过5个形容词。

 

She was a beautiful1tall2thin3young4black-haired5Scottish6 woman.(她是一个年轻美丽的,高瘦的,黑头发的苏格兰女人。)

What an amazing1little2old4Chinese6 cup and saucer!(多么令人惊异的,中国古老的小茶杯和茶托!)

 

看了这么多干货,回头看看小E的题目,再试试自己能不能拿满分?

 

(1) I want to buy a (funny / red) mug for my brother for Christmas.

(2) Joe is a (American / young / tall) basketball star.

(3) My mother just bought a (blue / long / beautiful) dress for herself.

(4) All my students are (smart / young / British) girls.

(5) All I want for Christmas is a pair of  (black / vintage / Italian / leather) boots.

 

当当当当

↓↓↓

答案在此,看看自己答得怎么样吧!

 

 

(1) I want to buy a funny red mug for my brother for Christmas.

(2) Joe is a tall young American basketball star.

(3) My mother just bought a beautiful long blue dress for herself.

(4) All my students are smart young  British girls.

(5) All I want for Christmas is a  pair of vintage black Italian leather boots.

 

相信学会了以上的知识,你对形容词的运用一定会越来越好的!

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