Q1: Which of the followings is NOT the English name of “春节”?
Answer: Lantern Festival
Explanations: Lantern Festival refers to the Jan. 15th of the lunar calendar. This day usually indicates the end of New Year’s celebration. The other three names “Chinese New Year”, “Spring Festival” and “Lunar New Year” can all be used as the English translation of “春节”。
TIPS: Do you know when Spring Festival officially started to be celebrated?
Answer: Han Dynasty
Explanations: It was not until Han Dynasty that Spring Festival was finally fixed on the first day of the lunar calendar. Emperor Wu of Han (156 B.C – 87 B.C) officially made this influential decision.
解说：年一直没有固定在某一天，直到汉朝时期汉武帝（公元前156年 – 公元前87年）正式将农历正月初一设立为中国新年“春节”，从此开始定型。
Q2: How long is Spring Festival usually be celebrated?
Answer: 23 days
Explanations: Traditionally, Chinese people started to prepare for Spring Festival from December 23 on the lunar calendar of the last year. And all celebrating activities ended on the Lantern Festival – the 15th of the first lunar month. Each day during the 23-day period has specific customs and blessings.
Q3: Which of the following is NOT the custom for Chinese New Year’s Eve?
Answer: Guessing riddles
Explanations: Guessing riddles is a traditional Chinese activity for Lantern Festival. On the 15th of the first lunar month, people usually write some riddles on lanterns for others to guess. It could not only increase the happy atmosphere but also show their great intelligence.
Q4: Which date is celebrated for Mammon (Chinese god of prosperity)?
Answer: January 5th on the lunar calendar
Explanations: It is said that the fifth day of the first lunar month is Mammon’s birthday. Therefore, people usually open doors and set off firecrackers to welcome the Chinese god of prosperity on the early morning.
Q5: Do you know what the “NIAN” (年兽) is afraid of?
Explanations: Accoring to the Chinese myth, “NIAN” is a savage beast that usually comes out on Chinese New Year’s Eve. Therefore, people need to set off firecrackers to frignten it away.
TIPS: Instead of firecrackers (sound), flame (light) and things in red (color) are also what the monster is afraid of.